Tag Archives: Exodus

Jesus as the Passover Lamb

26 Mar


Since our first parents sinned, God told them that the result of sin was death. Yet He had mercy on them and instead of immediately requiring their own death, He provided them with a way to temporarily cover their sin. God allowed the life-blood of an animal to atone or take away sin, so they could be restored to fellowship with God.

Animal sacrifice was instituted in the garden, even before the Passover and the subsequent sacrificial system in the tabernacle. The animal represented an undeserving recipient of a deserved punishment. Substitutionary atonement; one punished in place of another. It represented faith in God’s word if it was done as He instructed, and trust in His provision. The sacrifice was valuable; one gave only the best. The perfect, unblemished animal foreshadowed Jesus, the perfect sacrifice who atones for sin once and for all. “Behold! The Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!” John 1:29b

Because these sacrifices only temporarily covered the sins of the people, they needed to be offered on a regular basis. When the offering was brought, the person would put their hands on the head of the animal while it was killed (Lev. 1:4). This symbolically put their sins onto the animal, and the person identified with it, and then it died in their place.

The requirements for the Passover lamb; male of the first year, one per household, a lamb without blemish, kill it and catch its blood, smear it on door posts and lintels, eat the flesh which was roasted whole on a fire, eaten with unleavened bread and bitter herbs, while wearing travelling clothes, all of it must be eaten that night, anything left till morning must be burnt with fire. The bones were not to be broken. The angel of death would come, and God promised, “when I see the blood, I will pass over you.” Ex. 12:13

How is Jesus represented by the Passover Lamb?

He is without blemish (sinless).

“For such a High Priest was fitting for us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and has become higher than the heavens; who does not need daily, as those high priests, to offer up sacrifices, first for His own sins and then for the people’s, for this He did once for all when He offered up Himself.” Heb. 7:26,27

“For we do not have a High Priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but was in all points tempted as we are, yet without sin,” Heb. 4:15

“For He made Him who knew no sin to be sin for us, that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.”2 Cor. 5:21

“…knowing that you were not redeemed with corruptible things like silver and gold, from your aimless conduct received by tradition from your fathers, but with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot.” 1 Pet. 1:18,19

The lamb was to be fully consumed. Ex. 12:8-10

He really died. We feed on Him by faith. (John 6:54)

Ex. 12:46, Num. 9:12 The lamb’s bones were not to be broken.
His bones weren’t broken. John 19:33,36 To show He fulfilled Scripture, it points back to the instructions about the Passover lamb, but now applies it specifically to Jesus.

John the Baptist called Jesus the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world. (John 1:29)

They were to remain inside the house all night to be safe. “And none of you shall go out of the door of his house until morning.” Ex.12:22b We are safe if we are “in Christ.” “There is therefore now no condemnation to those who are in Christ Jesus, who do not walk according to the flesh, but according to the Spirit.” Rom. 8:1

He was perfect, unblemished, male, no broken bones, a substitute who bore the wrath of God, we are covered by His blood, protected from the punishment of death, we feed on him, we partake because we are circumcised in heart=regenerated/born again. He preserves the lives of all who trust Him.
“Circumcise yourselves to the Lord, and take away the foreskins of your hearts, you men of Judah and inhabitants of Jerusalem, lest My fury come forth like fire, and burn so that no one can quench it, because of the evil of your doings.” Jer. 4:4

“In Him you were also circumcised with the circumcision made without hands, by putting off the body of the sins of the flesh, by the circumcision of Christ,” Col. 2:111
It was to be eaten with bitter herbs to remind them of their bitter slavery in Egypt/our bitter slavery to sin.
Jesus redeemed His people from slavery to sin. “Jesus answered them, “Most assuredly, I say to you, whoever commits sin is a slave of sin. And a slave does not abide in the house forever, but a son abides forever. Therefore if the Son makes you free, you shall be free indeed.” John 8:34-36
“Do you not know that to whom you present yourselves slaves to obey, you are that one’s slaves whom you obey, whether of sin leading to death, or of obedience leading to righteousness?” Romans 6:16
“But God be thanked that though you were slaves of sin, yet you obeyed from the heart that form of doctrine to which you were delivered.” Romans 6:17
“But now having been set free from sin, and having become slaves of God, you have your fruit to holiness, and the end, everlasting life.” Romans 6:22
Also eaten with unleavened bread. Leaven represented sin.

We have been set free (redeemed) from our slavery to sin. Therefore we must remove sin from our lives.

“Therefore purge out the old leaven, that you may be a new lump, since you truly are unleavened. For indeed Christ, our Passover, was sacrificed for us. Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, nor with the leaven of malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.” 1 Cor. 5;7,8

Those who applied the blood of the lamb were safe from judgment and death. Ex. 12:7,13
We are under the safety and protection of His blood.
“…knowing that you were not redeemed with corruptible things like silver and gold, from your aimless conduct received by tradition from your fathers, but with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot.” 1 Pet. 1:18,19

He was killed as our Substitute, therefore we need not fear death and judgment.
“For Christ also suffered once for sins, the just for the unjust, that He might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh but made alive by the Spirit,” 1 Pet. 3:18


Christ as the Veil in Exodus

4 May


Exodus 26:31-35
Hebrews 10:19, 20
2 Cor.3:14-16
Luke 9:28-36
A veil covers, hides, obscures, separates. The veil spoken of in the O.T. was not a flimsy, sheer veil, but a very heavy curtain. It was one curtain, not two halves. The High Priest would have had to push it to one side to enter the Holy of Holies, once a year on the Day of Atonement.

Because he could not be certain that God would accept the offering of blood on the Day of Atonement, he would have a rope secured around his ankle. That way, if God didn’t accept the offering, and instead struck the High Priest dead, no one would have to go in to collect his body and possibly suffer the same fate.
The rope would allow them to drag his body out. This rope was not actually prescribed by God, but it showed they feared God and knew they were required to do things His way.

This curtain signified separation between God and man. We are separated or estranged from God due to our rebellion and sin. We cannot just saunter into
God’s presence. He must be approached His way, in the manner He has prescribed. He must be approached with blood, to remind us that sin equals death.

Likewise, veils cover and obscure. Christ’s glory as the second Person of the Trinity was veiled in flesh. It was hidden from view. The transfiguration peeled
back the veil slightly, to allow the disciples a glimpse of the glory of the One Whom they followed. (Luke 9:28-36).

Because Jesus looked like an ordinary Jewish man, there was nothing in his appearance to make him stand out. (Isaiah 53:2). He did not have a halo of light around His head; not in the stable, not in the garden, not on the cross. In fact, when they came to arrest him in Gethsemane, they had to have a pre-arranged sign (Judas’ kiss) in order to recognize him.

A veil also hides or conceals. Like a veil worn over a face conceals beauty or reflects modesty, or a veil on the head shows submission, it can also signify

“But their minds were blinded. For until this day the same veil remains unlifted in the reading of the Old Testament, because the veil is taken away in Christ. But even to this day, when Moses is read, a veil lies on their heart. Nevertheless, when one turns to the Lord, the veil is taken away.” 2 Cor. 3:14-16

 The Jews read the Old Testament and yet they don’t see what we see. We see Christ throughout Scripture. They don’t. Paul says the reason is that they have a veil over their heart. That veil is unbelief. When the veil is taken away, they see that Jesus is the long-awaited Messiah.

Christ is like the veil that separated the Holy Place from the Holy of Holies, in the Tabernacle and Temple. His glory was veiled, or covered in a body made of flesh. When that flesh was torn on the cross, He provided a way to end our estrangement with God, and be reconciled to Him.

“Therefore brethren, having boldness to enter the Holiest by the blood of Jesus, by a new and living way consecrated for us, trough the veil, that is, His flesh.” Heb. 10:19, 20

While He was on the cross, the veil in the temple was torn in two, from top to bottom, and a way was made to approach God.

“Then, behold, the veil of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom, and the earth quaked, and the rocks were split.” Matt. 27:51

We can approach without fear of death! We don’t need ropes around our feet, just in case He won’t accept us.

“All that the Father gives Me will come to Me, and the one who comes to Me, I will by no means  cast out.” John 6:37

We are welcomed into His presence. I like to think that tearing the veil in the temple would have given God the Father some satisfaction, much like Jesus’ victory cry on the cross, “Finished!” God tore up the record of offences against us; the sins that separated us were no longer a threat. The debt was paid in full. If you’ve ever burned a copy of your mortgage when it’s paid off, you get the idea.

“…having wiped out the handwriting of requirements that was against us, which was contrary to us. And He has taken it out of the way, having nailed it to the cross.” Col. 2:14

Since the veil was torn from top to bottom, this signified that it was done by God, not man. He, Himself provided the solution to our problem.

Prayer- “Lord, forgive me when I take for granted what it cost You, so that I may approach You without fear, and commune with You as friend to Friend.”

Questions- Put yourself on the mount of transfiguration. How awesome would that have been? You’d think the disciples would never doubt again. Yet such are our hearts, that we would’ve deserted Jesus in the garden, too.

How do you feel about the fact that most Jews do not recognize Jesus as the Messiah?

Response- Research some ministries to Jews. Pray that God will lift the veil from their eyes to see the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.

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